G5 regulation: The digital transformation fast lane

G5 regulation: The digital transformation fast lane
Fifth-generation collaborative regulation, or G5 for short, is part of an International Telecommunication Union (ITU) concept of continual technological development.

Fifth-generation collaborative regulation, or G5 for short, is part of an International Telecommunication Union (ITU) concept of continual technological development.
Reaching G5 represents a key step to unlock a far-reaching global digital transformation.
To capture progress on the creation of an enabling policy environment in each country’s digital market, the ITU has launched a new framework, the G5 Benchmark.
It allows regulators, policymakers and other users to map out key policies and track implementation, as well as establish a common language and facilitate country-level modelling.
2021 G5 Benchmark: Bigger and better
The 2021 edition introduces a new framework to assess country-level preparedness for fully digital social and economic transformation.
Spanning 193 countries, the G5 Benchmark tracks data across 70 indicators, organized around four main pillars:
National collaborative governance: This covers collaboration among institutions, industry stakeholders, and cross-sector regulators and assesses regulatory coherence and impact at the domestic, regional, and international levels, particularly where information and communication technologies (ICTs) cross over with health, finance, education, transport and energy.
Policy design principles: This indicates the extent to which policy design and regulatory compliance are guided by evidence, transparency and accountability, and ethics.
Digital development toolbox: This encompasses key legal and policy instruments, including those for cybersecurity, data protection, emergency telecommunications, and infrastructure sharing, as well as mid- to long-term socio-economic goals, such as youth employment and sustainable consumption and production, where digital technologies play a role.
Digital economy policy agenda: This indicates how far governments have updated their policy portfolios for the digital economy, from innovation and investment incentives to taxation, emerging technologies, and industry codes of conduct.
The G5 Benchmark offers regulators and policymakers a straightforward snapshot of where each country stands in respect to digital transformation.
Based on these indicators, countries fall into four stages of digital transformation readiness: Limited, Transitioning, Advanced or Leading.
How the G5 Benchmark adds value
Regulation is changing as digital markets mature. Development trajectories are shifting, with digital transformation following varied pathways in different economies. The G5 Benchmark serves to guide national decision-makers through uncertain times — beyond country rankings and score calculations.
Building on global perspectives across economic sectors, the G5 Benchmark lays out clear regulatory tracks to ensure that digital markets can thrive while achieving national and regional development goals.
Policy design, input from national stakeholders and implementation can all work together to fast-track digital development. Agile, resilient, future-proof regulation requires a laser focus on policy implementation. The G5 Benchmark combines broad principles with specific instruments and implementation mechanisms, recognizing that fifth-generation regulation is contextual, modular and multi-dimensional.
Regulators are increasingly collaborating across sectors. Collaboration among institutions is an essential ingredient for regulatory relevance, coherence and impact. The latest G5 Benchmark reflects greater breadth and depth of collaboration between ICT regulators and sector-specific or multi-sector regulators.

Nov 21, 2021
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